Celiac Disease – Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment


Celiac Disease

What is celiac disease?

A little girl sitting on a table

Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy. It’s an autoimmune disorder that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals when they ingest gliadin (a gluten protein found in wheat and some other grains).

Symptoms of celiac disease vary from person to person. They may include:

abdominal bloating and pain

constipation, diarrhea, or alternating bowel habits

fatigue, weakness, and lack of energy (due to iron deficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency)

frequent mouth sores

nausea, gas, and vomiting

loss of appetite and poor weight gain in children

Celiac disease is diagnosed by looking at a person’s medical history, celiac disease symptoms, blood tests to look for celiac disease antibodies (anti-tissue transglutaminase [TG2] IgA), endoscopy with biopsy specimen examination to determine if villi are present in the small intestine, celiac disease genetic testing (to look for celiac disease genes HLA-DQ2/DQ8), or celiac disease family testing. Treatment for celiac disease includes dietary guidelines to avoid gluten. When gluten is eliminated from the diet, celiac disease symptoms usually improve.

I’m not sure I have celiac disease. What should I do?

A man wearing a hat

If you suffer from celiac disease symptoms or any celiac disease symptoms mentioned in this article, see your doctor immediately to get celiac disease diagnosed and treated. It’s better to be diagnosed after celiac disease symptoms are severe than to wait for celiac disease diagnosis until you have severe irreversible damage that celiac sprue causes in the small intestine. A simple blood test can determine if celiac disease exists without having to go through complicated diagnostic procedures. If it turns out you don’t have celiac sprue, no harm will be done by following a gluten-free diet just in case you actually have this disorder.

How is a celiac disease usually diagnosed?

Your doctor will take a medical history and ask you questions about celiac disease symptoms. He or she will also do celiac disease tests to measure celiac disease antibodies in your blood.

If celiac disease is suspected because celiac sprue celiac disease symptoms are present, the doctor will recommend celiac disease testing that usually includes measuring celiac disease antibodies and looking for celiac disease genes. If celiac sprue is diagnosed based on celiac disease symptoms, celiac sprue celiac disease tests will be pointless because celiac sprue celiac disease diagnosis has already been made.

What is celiac sprue?

Celiac sprue, celiac disease’s full name, means that the small intestine is damaged and doesn’t function normally. This damage results from eating foods that contain gluten. Gluten celiac disease symptoms include abdominal bloating and pain, celiac sprue celiac disease constipation, diarrhea, celiac sprue celiac disease fatigue, celiac sprue celiac disease weakness, and lack of energy (due to celiac sprue celiac disease iron deficiency, or vitamin B12 celiac disease deficiency).

Celiac sprue celiac disease symptoms may also include celiac sprue celiac disease mouth sores, celiac sprue celiac disease nausea, and celiac sprue celiac disease vomiting, celiac sprue celiac disease loss of appetite, celiac sprue celiac disease gas, and poor weight gain in children. Children with untreated celiac disease have a higher risk of malnutrition and delayed growth. Celiac sprue juvenile osteoporosis is a common finding in young people with untreated celiac diseases that can lead to bone fractures later in life.

Although most people associate gluten-free diets with celiatics doctors dieting, they aren’t the same thing. Gluten exists in wheat, rye, barley, spelt, triticale (a cross between wheat and rye), farina, enriched flour or unbleached white flour, graham flour, oat bran (can celiac disease symptoms be triggered by cross-contamination), brewer’s yeast, bulgar wheat (in some ethnic foods), malt celiac disease symptoms, and semolina.

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