Celiac disease is not easily detected because the majority of those affected by this condition don’t have any or only minor signs or symptoms. Because the symptoms associated with this disease are not very severe, the disease can go undiagnosed for years. If you are one of those people who are unaware of having celiac disease, the following information will help you understand the disease better.
Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disease that leads to the damage of the small intestine’s lining. When this happens, the body starts to absorb too much protein, fat, and other substances of the food we eat. This leads to the absorption of gluten, a substance that can be found in wheat, barley, rye and to a lesser extent, oats. Even some fruits such as avocado and pears don’t cause any problem because the body only absorbs them if they contain gluten.
The main symptoms associated with celiac disease are diarrhea, weight loss, and anemia. People diagnosed with celiac disease can also experience muscle cramps, fatigue, anemia, anorexia, and nausea. However, these symptoms can be so mild that in many cases, the doctor may as well ignore them. It is important to note that these symptoms are common to people with the autoimmune disease and should not be considered to be an indication that one has celiac disease. However, if any of these symptoms persist, they can be an indication of the presence of the autoimmune disorder.
Celiac Disease Symptoms
A blood test called the serological test is the most common means of diagnosing the condition. The blood sample from a large number of individuals who have been diagnosed with celiac disease helps the doctor to make a conclusive diagnosis. A high level of specific antibodies against gluten are required for a correct diagnosis of celiac disease.
The diagnosis of this condition usually requires a lot of patience. It takes a long time before you come to know whether you have the disorder or not. If you delay in getting the diagnosis, then the disease might grow worse. For this reason, the doctor will most often perform a series of tests, beginning with a series of blood tests. In addition, the doctor might also order some tests to determine the degree of damage that has occurred in the small intestine. Once all these tests have been conducted and the diagnosis has been reached, the doctor will be in a better position to recommend a treatment option.
A diet for people with celiac disease is usually prescribed by the doctor. This may involve changes in the patient’s diet or some vitamins and minerals are added to the patient’s diet. In some cases, gluten is removed from the patient’s diet completely. No symptoms appear initially, and the person suffering from celiac disease goes on eating the regular diet. However, if he or she continues to eat foods containing gluten, some digestive symptoms may appear.
In The End
When you go in for a diagnosis, your doctor will check your height, weight and diet. All these factors are necessary when considering a diagnosis of celiac disease. Your doctor will also ask you about your medical history. He or she will check whether you have had previous encounters with the disease, and he or she will ask you how you feel about the various symptoms that you are experiencing. All these factors are taken into consideration when diagnosing celiac disease and when recommending a treatment option.