What are the Common Celiac Allergy Symptoms

celiac allergy symptoms

Celiac disease is also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy. It is a condition in which the immune system of the body reacts to gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley. 

If you have celiac disease, whenever you eat gluten, it triggers your immune response system in the small intestine. Over a period of time, the lining of your small intestine gets damaged and it prevents you from absorbing essential nutrients from food. This intestinal damage leads to bloating, fatigue, weight loss, diarrhea and anemia. If not treated in due time, it may lead to serious complications.

Celiac disease may lead to serious malabsorption and growth deficiency in kids. It leads to other kinds of problems in adults. There is no possible cure for celiac disease, just that you need to follow a strict gluten-free diet. This will help promote intestinal healing.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease in Adults

Allergy Symptoms

The symptoms vary in different people, especially in children and adults. Digestive symptoms for adults are mentioned below:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Bloating and gas
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation

In more serious cases, the symptoms include:

  • Anaemia, usually from iron deficiency
  • Loss of bone density or softening of bone 
  • Itchy, blistery skin rash 
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Nervous system injury, including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, possible problems with balance, and cognitive impairment
  • Joint pain
  • Reduced spleen function

Symptoms of Celiac Disease in Children

A woman sitting on a bed
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Swollen belly
  • Constipation
  • Gas
  • Pale, foul-smelling stools
  • Failure to thrive for infants
  • Damage to tooth enamel
  • Weight loss
  • Anaemia
  • Irritability
  • Short stature
  • Delayed puberty
  • Neurological symptoms, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities, headaches, lack of muscle coordination and seizures

When to See a Doctor

You need to consult a doctor if you have digestive discomfort that prolongs for many days. If you have recurrent diarrhea, you should consult a doctor too. Especially get it checked if your diarrhea continues for more than two weeks. If you find  your child to look pale, irritable or failing to grow well, consult a doctor. If your child has a potbelly, foul-smelling stools, consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Before you self-assess  yourself to be having gluten allergy, it is better to consult a doctor. This will help to diagnose your condition better. As the doctor will check and test you after a week or two of not eating gluten. This will give you accurate results.

Celiac disease is generally a hereditary disease that runs in families. Sometimes, doctors ask you to get yourself tested, if someone in your family also has this disease. Also, the doctor might ask you to get yourself tested if someone in your family has Type 1 diabetes.

These are the major symptoms of celiac disease which you should know. Knowing these beforehand will help you avert troubles later on.

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